Allies-
A person, who does not suffer from a particular oppression, but recognises its existence and supports the empowerment and rights of those who do.

Domestic Violence-
Violence, abuse or threatening behaviour, whether physical, psychological, sexual or emotional, by an intimate partner or family member

Feminism-A. The theory of the political, economic, and social equality of the sexes, recognising the multiple oppressions that work to prevent this currently.
B. Organised activity on behalf of women’s rights and empowerment.[/list_item]

Gender Based Violence-Violence and threatening behaviour that involves physical, psychological, emotional or sexual harm that occurs as a consequence of gendered norms in society. Predominately this gender based violence is aimed at women, not by random, but because they are women.

Gender Binary- A social construct that enforces a dichotomy between ‘masculinity’ and ‘femininity’ and encourages conformity to these in gender identity, gender expression and biological sex.

Gender Identity A person’s own personal sense and identification of gender, which may or may not correspond to the person’s body or designated sex at birth. A person’s whose identity matches the gender they were assigned at birth, is often defined as cisgender. A person whose gender identity or expression is not the same as the gender they were assigned at birth, is often defined as transgender.

Intersectionality The understanding of the intersections between forms of oppression and discrimination, for example recognising how class, race and gender can lead to multiple oppressions that cannot be understood and addressed by tackling just one of these.

FGMFemale genital mutilation, also described as female genital cutting and female genital circumcision is the partial or total removal of the external female genitalia for non-medical reasons.

Honour Based Violence
Violence that is committed, normally against women, to protect and defend the honour of the family/community.

Traditional Harmful Practices
Practices that have been condoned through culture, that are forms of discrimination and harm, for example FGM, forced marriage and rites relating to widows.

Beijing Platform for Action-
A key agenda for action on women’s rights and empowerment, made by governments at the 4th World Conference on Women in Beijing in 1995.

Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination Against Women-
A United Nations convention adopted in 1979 by the General Assembly, which defines what constitutes discrimination against women, and creates an agenda for action at the national level to end it.

Millennium Development Goals-
8 goals made by the international community at the millennium, which provide a series of targets to be met by 2015 to spur development and improve the lives of the world’s poorest.

Post-2015 Agenda-
The priorities and goals in development that are being discussed in light of the expiration of the millennium development goals.


UN Security Council Resolution 1325-
This resolution called for the adoption of a gender perspective when looking at conflict and post-conflict situations. It called on parties in a conflict to respect women’s rights, support their participation in peace negotiations, and consider the special needs of women and girls during repatriation, resettlement, rehabilitation and reintegration. It is often highlighted as the first formal document from the Security Council to recognise gender.

UN Women-
The UN entity for gender equality and women’s empowerment.